European model of restorative justice

Restorative justice practices have been growing in popularity in Europe over the last few decades. Studies in Finland have shown positive effects on the use of peer mediation for resolving school conflicts (the attached article discusses the results in more detail). In what ways might the process be utilized here in the United States to achieve similar results?

In your discuss, reference prior research conducted to support your assertions, including European Best Practices of Restorative Justice in the Criminal Procedure (Links to an external site.) if applicable.

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Be sure to support your statements with logic and argument, citing any sources referenced.

Restorative Justice: A Social Movement
Module 4: European Criminal Justice Policies on Victims and Restorative Justice

In this module we will look at the European model of restorative justice; their policies regarding victims and the use, and expansion of the use, of restorative processes. Restorative justice, while still not widely used, has experienced significant growth over the last several decades. Evaluations of restorative justice practices have shown (similar to the evaluations in the United States) positive outcomes with respect to recidivism rates and cost-effectiveness. Restorative justice advocates began promoting the expansion of the use of restorative justice practices and beginning in 1999, many initiatives were proposed regarding its use.

Next, we will review the victim and restorative justice policy developments in the European Union beginning with the Tampere Programme in 1999. This program was adopted by the European Union with the purpose of protecting victims while they are engaged in criminal proceedings related to a crime. Several directives will also be discussed that follow the Tampere Programme and we will explore how each address victims’ rights and compensation assistance.

Following the progression of directives, we will then look at the 2012 Victims Directive which was adopted to replace the earlier 2001 Directive discussed on page two. The purpose of the Victims Directive was to strengthen the rights of victims across the European Union and enhance the deficiencies noted from the 2001 Directive.

Finally, we will discuss the benefits of restorative justice to victims of crime. These pages will reiterate the benefits identified from literature, as well those benefits identified by victims that have been part of the restorative justice process.

Learning Outcomes

Examine the context of restorative justice.
Explain the history of mediation in penal matters.
Examine victims and restorative policy developments of the European Union.
Evaluate the 2012 Victims Directive.
Explain the benefits of restorative justice to victims.
For Your Success & Readings
Welcome to week four! In this module, we will continue our exploration of restorative justice practice but will focus primarily on European criminal justice policies.

Here are some reminders that will help you achieve success in this module and the course in general:

Review the Discussion Question and make your substantive posting as early in the week as possible. Remember that you should cite to the course materials/readings or other outside research in the initial post (at a minimum but certainly in any follow-up comments as well). Make sure to post equally substantive replies to two of your fellow classmates’ responses before Sunday at midnight. Comments posted after Sunday at midnight will not be accepted for credit.
Engage with the assigned and recommended readings.
You are assigned a Critical Thinking Assignment this week. Pick one option from the two assignments to be submitted by Sunday at midnight. Please keep in mind when you are writing the paper to address all the prompts provided in the assignment. Also, you should cite two peer-reviewed articles to support your position on the topic you choose. If you are unfamiliar with APA citation format, please take a few moments to review it as this is a requirement for the assignment and does factor in to your overall grade for the paper. The paper should be three to four pages in length, not including cover page and bibliography.
Reach out to your instructor with any questions regarding course material or for assistance with questions regarding your upcoming portfolio milestone.

Chapters 3 & 10 in Victims and Restorative Justice

Fainisi, F., & Fainisi, V. (2017). Mediation in the field of criminal disputes at European level. Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice, 9(2), 293-309.
Reyes-Quilodran, C., LaBenz, C., & Donoso, G. (2017). A path to peace: A comparative study of practitioners’ views of juvenile restorative justice in Chile, England, Italy, and Sweden. International Social Work, 0(0), 1-16.
European Forum for Restorative Justice Practice Guide for Restorative Justice Services; The Victims’ Directive. (2016). Retrieved from

Marder, I., & Chapman, T. (2018). Confederation of European probation. Developing restorative justice across Europe. Retrieved from

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