option one and option2

Option #1:
In light of recent school shootings, communities have been left damaged in the aftermath.
In a 3-5-page paper, discuss whether restorative justice practices would be helpful in repairing the damage. Discuss which practices are likely to be most successful and identify the stakeholders in the process (who is the victim, who is the offender); (remember the offender is not necessarily the shooter alone).
Option #2:
In light of the recent police shootings of young African-American men, police have come under intense scrutiny for their police practices. Extensive, perhaps irreparable, harm has been done with respect to the relationship between officer and community.
In a 3-5-page paper, discuss whether restorative justice practices would be helpful in repairing the damage. Discuss which practices are likely to be most successful and identify the stakeholders in the process (who is the victim, who is the offender); (remember the offender is not necessarily the shooter alone).
Restorative Justice: A Social Movement
Module 5: Victim-Offender Mediation
Module 5 begins our discussion and exploration into victim-offender mediation. We will start with some historical and theoretical background of the victim-offender mediation process. We will discuss who is involved, at what point after a crime has occurred can mediation be used, and how the process of mediation may differ with respect to procedure. The different operational styles as well as the relationship to the criminal justice system are identified for a point of reference.
Second, we will examine the method(s) of victim-offender mediation. The victim and offender are brought together in the presence of a trained/skilled mediator to ease the conflict and repair the harm caused by the criminal act. Each person is given the opportunity to speak as to their experience and then will determine parameters or obligations that need to be met in order to make things right for each party. We will discuss the criticism of mediation regarding the alleged voluntary nature of participation of the offender.
Following, we will explore the role of the victim in the victim-offender mediation process. The victim in a given crime has the important function of reporting the crime, which sets the wheel of justice in motion. Giving the victim a voice in the mediation process provides empowerment by giving them some control in the criminal justice process where their involvement had previously been absent.
Finally, we will look at characteristics of the restorative justice process and the impact of the experience of the victim. We will outline the process by which participants are invited to participate in the mediation as well as some concerns regarding the method. We will also discuss mediation outcomes with respect to relational distance between the victim and offender in a crime.
Learning Outcomes
1. Examine the history of victim-offender mediation.
2. Evaluate the method of victim-offender mediation.
3. Assess the role of victims in victim-offender mediation.
4. Analyze the characteristics of the restorative justice process.
5. Evaluate the impact of the experience of the victim in victim-offender mediation.
For Your Success & Readings
Welcome to Week 5.
Here are some reminders that will help you achieve success in this module and the course in general:
• Review the Discussion Question and make your substantive posting as early in the week as possible. Remember that you should cite to the course materials/readings or other outside research in the initial post (at a minimum but certainly in any follow-up comments as well). Make sure to post two equally substantive replies to two of your fellow classmates’ responses by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. MT. Comments posted after that deadline will not be accepted for credit as per university policy.
• Engage with the assigned and recommended readings.
• You are assigned a Critical Thinking Assignment this week. Pick one option from the two assignments to be submitted by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. MT. Please keep in mind when you are writing the paper to address all the prompts provided in the assignment. Also, you should cite two peer-reviewed articles to support your position on the topic you choose. If you are unfamiliar with APA citation format, please take a few moments to review, as this is a requirement for the assignment and does factor into your overall grade for the paper. The paper should be 3-4 pages in length, not including cover page and bibliography.
• Reach out to your instructor with any questions regarding course material or for assistance with questions regarding your upcoming Portfolio milestone.
Required
• Chapter 4 in Victims and Restorative Justice
• Dhami, M. (2016). Effects of a victim’s response to an offender’s apology: When the victim becomes the bad guy. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46(1), 110-123.
• Diener, K. (2016). Thwarting the structural and individualized issues of mediation: the formalized reflective approach. Southern Law Journal, 26(1), 137-163.
Recommended
Paul, G. (2016). But does it work?: The influence of presumed goal attainment effectiveness on willingness to use legalistic and restorative responses to offensive behavior. Communication Studies, 67(2), 239-258.
Next
References
Bright, C. (2018). Victim offender mediation. Centre for Justice & Reconciliation: A Program for Prison Fellowship International. Retrieved from http://restorativejustice.org/restorative-justice/about-restorative-justice/tutorial-intro-to-restorative-justice/lesson-3-programs/victim-offender-mediation/#sthash.5jfIbEq8.dpbs
Hurley, M. H. 2003. Restorative practices in institutional settings and at release: Victim wrap around programs. Federal Probation 73, 1. Retrieved from http://www.uscourts.gov/sites/default/files/73_1_3_0.pdf
Maiese, M. (2003). Updated June 2013 by Burgess, H., and Cast, S. Beyond intractability. Restorative Justice. Retrieved from www.beyondintractability.org/essay/restorative_justice
Petersilia, J. (2003). When prisoners come home: Parole and prisoner reentry. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Weitekamp, E. (1995). From “instant” justice till restorative justice: In search of new avenues in judicial dealing with crime, in C. Fijnaut, J. Goethals, T. Peters and L. Walgrave (Eds.), Changes in Society, Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe, Volume I: Crime and Insecurity in the City. The Hague: Kluwer Law International. — (1999) The History of Restorative Justice, in L. Walgrave and G. Bazemore (Eds.), Restorative Juvenile Justice: Repairing the Harm of Youth Crime. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press. — (2000) Research on victim-offender mediation findings and needs for the future, in The European Forum for Victim Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice (ed.), Victim-Offender Mediation in Europe. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press.

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